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Orthodontic Disorders

Guelph, ON child with crooked teeth smiling at her dentist's office for orthodontic treatment.What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think about orthodontic treatment? Most people tend to think about the use of braces to correct crooked, or misaligned, teeth. While this is a common treatment in orthodontics, it is not the only one. There are several different types of orthodontic disorders that can make eating difficult, make it difficult to properly care for your mouth, and cause a significant amount of jaw pain. In some cases, some orthodontic disorders can damage the jaw. At Bisson Dentistry, we can diagnose your orthodontic disorders and provide you with the treatment you need to restore your oral health and your smile.


A crossbite can occur at the front of the mouth, on the sides of the mouth, or even both. It occurs when one or more upper teeth bite down to the inside of the lower teeth. It can occur with just one tooth, or many teeth may have this issue. No matter how many teeth are affected, crossbites can lead to excessive tooth wear, issues with chewing, uneven jaw development and more. A single tooth can be moved with braces. If multiple teeth are affected, a combination of braces and other intraoral appliances are used to expand the arch.


An openbite is when the front top teeth do not sufficiently overlap the lower teeth, leaving a gap between the two, even though the jaws are closed. It often occurs as a result of tongue thrusting, thumb sucking, or because the jaw did not develop properly. We can correct an openbite with braces and extraction of back teeth. In some cases, oral surgery may be needed. It is also important to break the oral habits that led to the disorder to help facilitate the correction process.


An overjet, also commonly called a protrusion, is a disorder in which the lower teeth are set too far back from the upper teeth. It may be caused by any one or a combination of poorly aligned molars, skeletal imbalances in the jaws, or flared teeth. Oral habits can often make the disorder worse. Overjets can usually be corrected with growth modifications, functional appliances, and elastics.


An overbite is when the upper teeth stick out in front of the lower teeth, with no contact between them. This disorder occurs when the development between the upper and lower teeth is uneven, or the supporting bone development is uneven. We treat overbites by either moving the upper teeth back or the lower teeth forward. In properly realigning the teeth, the disorder often cures itself.


An underbite is an orthodontic disorder in which the lower front teeth protrude out in front of the upper front teeth. It can develop as a result of undergrowth in the upper jaw, or under development in the lower. It can also occur as a result of flared incisors. Underbites are often fixable with growth modification. Removing the teeth causing the issue may be necessary. In other cases, oral surgery may be required.

With the right orthodontic treatment, we can help to correct your orthodontic disorder, restoring your oral health, your smile, and your quality of life. For more information, and to schedule your consultation, call Bisson Dentistry today at (226) 299-0713.







199 Woolwich Street,
Guelph, ON N1H 3V4
(226) 299-0713

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